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Miniature lab begins science experiments in outer space

Miniature lab begins science experiments in outer space

HERZLIYA, Israel, Mar 16 (Reuters) Orbiting the earth at more than 500 kilometres, a tiny satellite with a laboratory shrunk to the size of a tissue box is helping scientists carry out experiments that take gravity out of the equation. The technology was launched into space last month by SpacePharma, a Swiss-Israeli company, which on Thursday announced that its first experiments have been completed successfully. In space, with hardly any interference from earth's gravity, cells and molecules behave differently, helping researchers make discoveries in fields from medicine to agriculture. Nestle turned to zero gravity - or what scientists refer to as microgravity - to perfect the foam in its chocolate mousse and coffee, while drugmakers like Eli Lilly have used it to improve drug designs. Usually experiments are sent up to the International Space Station and carried out with the help of astronauts, or they are conducted on parabolic airplane flights that enjoy short bursts of weightlessness. SpacePharma says its miniature lab is a new way for researchers to work in microgravity for extended periods. "Everything can be done remotely while the system is in outer space," said founder Yossi Yamin. "We upload the link with the command files to the lab and the experiment takes place." Clients then receive data and images directly from the experiments, which are carried out on custom-built glass chips and can be run multiple times to test different reactions. The satellite currently in space holds four experiments, the first being done for a German research institute. A second launch, also with four experiments, is scheduled for August and includes research for a top tier pharmaceutical company, Yamin said. By next year he hopes to begin sending up satellites that each hold some 160 experiments. REUTERS SV GC1352

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Middle East respiratory syndrome, a viral respiratory disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome, a viral respiratory disease

19 Jan 2018 | 1:30 PM

Kolkata, Jan 19 (UNI) Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory disease
caused by a novel coronavirus (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, or MERSā€CoV)
that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.

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Science has to be people centric: Dr Harsh Vardhan

18 Jan 2018 | 1:08 PM

Hyderabad, Jan 18 (UNI) Union Minister for Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan has said that the Science has to be people centric and its benefits would deliver to the people.

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Greater efforts needed to meet international family planning goals

Greater efforts needed to meet international family planning goals

17 Jan 2018 | 12:32 PM

Kolkata, Jan 17 (UNI) Women and girls have a human right to choose whether and when to become pregnant.

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TN pioneer in organ transplants, other states should follow it : Venkaiah

TN pioneer in organ transplants, other states should follow it : Venkaiah

16 Jan 2018 | 5:13 PM

Chennai, Jan 16 (UNI) Observing that Tamil Nadu was a pioneering state in organ transplantation in the country, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu on Tuesday said other states should emulate it in providing affording medical care to the people.

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Echinococcosis, a parasitic disease that occurs in two main forms in humans

Echinococcosis, a parasitic disease that occurs in two main forms in humans

13 Jan 2018 | 12:16 PM

Kolkata, Jan 13 (UNI) Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease that occurs in two main forms in humans: cystic echinococcosis (also known as hydatidosis) and alveolar echinococcosis, caused by the tapeworms Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis, respectively.

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