Sunday, Oct 20 2019 | Time 19:09 Hrs(IST)
image
  • Three killed as suicide bomber targets guv's motorcade in Afghanistan's Wardak province
  • Gen Rawat says 6-10 Pak soldiers killed in ceasefire violation
  • Heavy rains wreak havoc in Marathwada, damage standing Kharif crops in Parbhani, Osmanabad
  • Maradu flats: 84 owners missing
  • Haryana DGP urges voters to cast vote without fear
  • Jhabua gears up for by-poll voting on Monday
  • Menace of fake scheduled caste certificates rising each day : Kainth
  • Technology is the bridge to achieve 'Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas': PM
  • Upendra Kushwaha elected RLSP President
  • All arrangements for free & fair polling for by-election completed
  • Upendra Kushwaha elected RSLP President
  • Ranchi Test: Rohit, Rahane put India in driver's seat against Proteas on Day 2
  • Ranchi Test: Rohit, Rahane put India in driver's seat against Proteas on Day 2
  • Hong Kong Police Use Tear Gas, Water Cannons to Disperse Protesters: Reports
  • Stop lying & get ready for another poll drubbing: Capt Amarinder to Sukhbir
World


Boeing aircraft crashes reveal irregularities in pilot training: Expert

San Fransisco, Mar 22 (UNI) The two air crashes involving the same Boeing 737 Max model in a span of five months revealed some problems with the industry regulation as well as pilot training, said an aviation expert Thursday.

"I believe this is the fundamental root cause of these accidents -- inadequate regulation and oversight to counter financial incentives (of the airline industry)," Douglas Moss, an aviation safety and security expert at University of South California, said in an interview.

An Ethiopian Airlines Flight crashed on March 10, killing 189 people onboard. Last October, an Indonesian Lion Air Flight went down in Jakarta, killing 157 people.

Both crashes showed some similarities -- both ill-fated aircraft are Boeing 737 Max which crashed shortly after takeoff, Xinhua said in a report. The Chicago, Illinois-headquartered Boeing Company, has since been put under spotlight and potential legal liability has been widely discussed, even though an investigation is still underway.

The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is mandated to guarantee airline safety via a certification process. But under its Organization Designation Authorization (ODA) program, the FAA delegates to the manufacturer certain aspects of certifying the airplane -- making sure that the airplane design meets all the FAA requirements, according to Moss.

"There is evidence that Boeing failed to fulfill its duties under the ODA," said Moss, also a pilot and owner of AeroPacific Consulting, a Reno, Nevada-based firm providing aviation-related expert witness and accident investigation services.

"They (Boeing) take their responsibilities for safety seriously," said Moss, who worked with and for Boeing for many years.

But the financial risks and incentives for both manufacturers and operators are so large that they sometimes sway corporate judgement, he said.

"The company may make a corporate decision that undermines safety and there isn't enough governmental oversight or manpower to correct the issue," Moss explained.

He added the pilot training at airlines is "woefully inadequate."

"The 737 MAX pilots at American Airlines were given only a 56-minute iPad presentation to convey all the differences between the 737 MAX and its cousins," he said. "Certainly that is not enough to ensure that the pilots are now competent to fly this new plane with all the new changes incorporated into it."

"During the FAA-approved training I received at my airlines, we practiced only about 2 percent of the possible failures that one could experience when flying the plane," said Moss. "We only trained one failure at a time and were not exposed to multiple failures."

In fact, most of the simulator time was devoted to administrative or rudimentary procedures instead of practicing how to handle emergencies, said Moss.

"In my opinion, airline pilot training should be much more intensive and robust -- to ensure that pilots are ready to handle almost any emergency," he said.

Another example he gave is the "poor documentation" that airlines give their pilots.

In the Lion Air accident, the pilots reportedly spent several minutes trying to find the right procedure in their emergency handbook to address their flight control problem.

"In my experience, the document writers at airlines are not pilots or human factors experts, and they follow mostly only rigid rules of format, with no concept of how the procedure will be used in the cockpit," said Moss.

"Hopefully all these will change for the better after these accidents," he said.
UNI XC JAL 0955
More News

Brazil: Clean-up on beaches affected by oil spill

20 Oct 2019 | 4:37 PM

Sao Paulo, Oct 20 (UNI) Thousands of people have taken part in a huge clean-up operation to remove oil and tar from beaches along Brazil's north-eastern coast, says a BBC News report.

see more..
Guterres 'closely following' Mozambique election dispute

Guterres 'closely following' Mozambique election dispute

20 Oct 2019 | 3:50 PM

United Nations, Oct 20 (UNI) UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has said he had been "closely following developments" related to the 15 October general elections in Mozambique.

see more..
UN Chief condemns Afghanistan killings

UN Chief condemns Afghanistan killings

20 Oct 2019 | 3:43 PM

United Nations, Oct 20 (UNI) The attack on a mosque in Nangarhar province, eastern Afghanistan, which resulted in scores of civilians being killed, and dozens more injured, has been strongly condemned by UN chief António Guterres.

see more..
'Farm slave’ rescue highlights human trafficking in Ukraine

'Farm slave’ rescue highlights human trafficking in Ukraine

20 Oct 2019 | 3:41 PM

United Nations, Oct 20 (UNI) The UN migration agency, IOM, is warning of the dangers posed by human traffickers in Ukraine, who prey on jobless people in order to turn them into modern-day slaves.

see more..
Anti-Semitism toxic to democracy, UN expert warns

Anti-Semitism toxic to democracy, UN expert warns

20 Oct 2019 | 3:41 PM

United Nations, Oct 20 (UNI) To counter anti-Semitism, which is “toxic to democracy” and poses “a threat to all societies if left unaddressed”, countries must invest more in education, the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief has warned, speaking at UN headquarters in New York.

see more..
image