Thursday, Jul 2 2020 | Time 18:06 Hrs(IST)
  • Delhi govt to launch 17-day mega plantation drive on July 10
  • Yogi concerned over Covid spread in Meerut division, asks districts to smarten up
  • K Shyamsunder takes over as Air Commodore of Air Force Station, Deolali
  • UP sees record 817 nCoV cases, count nears 25K
  • DAC approves purchase of fighter jets, missile systems worth Rs 38,900 crore
  • MHA seeks CAPF views on recruitment of transgenders in Forces
  • Kejriwal launches India's first ‘Plasma Bank’ in Delhi for treatment of nCoV patients
  • SMMDSB approves new works worth Rs 45 cr in shrine premises
  • SC adjourns hearing on Tablighi Jamaat case till July 10
  • SGPC urges Centre to reopen Kartarpur corridor
  • Four die while cleaning septic tank in South TN
  • First Diamond League meet of 2020 season in Monaco open for tickets
  • Guj biz man selling petrol, diesel with rebate of Rs 2 per litre to Corona-warriors
  • Tanda College among leading ones to conduct research on tribal health
  • Ukraine reports 889 new COVID-19 cases, total over 45,000
Features


Increasing protein and dairy intake may help reduce burden of diabetes: study

Increasing protein and dairy intake may help reduce burden of diabetes: study

New Delhi, Jul 20 (UNI) Diabetes -- increase in blood glucose levels -- is an emerging health problem especially in developing countries.

According to the World Health Organisation, India had 69 million diabetic individuals in 2015 and the number is projected to go up to 98 million by 2030.

The problem is more serious for Asians as their genetic makeup puts them at a greater risk of diabetes at a younger age than their European counterparts.

According to an India Science Wire report by Dr Aditi Jain, if left untreated, diabetes can give rise to serious health conditions like blindness, kidney failure, heart problems, etc.

"Apart from genetic factors, the occurrence of diabetes is related to food preferences and lifestyles. Therefore, understanding the link between consumption of various foods and prevalence of diabetes in different states can help in devising effective strategies to address the problem, she said in her report.

A new study has linked food preferences of individuals to prevalence of diabetes in various states of India. The study has found that eating calorie-rich food like sugar and honey increases the risk of diabetes while addition of protein-rich food and dairy products in a meal can help reduce the risk of diabetes.

The study is based on data from the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015–2016), 2011 census, data on per capita crop production, and consumption figures of different food groups from the 68th round of the National Sample Survey. It evaluated trends of food availability and preferences in various states with diabetes numbers.

It was found that diabetes was more common in states like West Bengal and Kerala where people consume more non-vegetarian food than the one where diet is predominantly vegetarian. This is because a vegetarian diet helps in diabetes management by making body sensitive to insulin hormone.

Researchers also noted that there were more diabetics in states where people consumed more sugar and honey though this trend was not valid in case of Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Haryana. The study also found that eating protein-rich food such as pulses and nuts decreased chances of diabetes. Similarly, states where people ate more dairy products had low prevalence of diabetes.

Diabetes, often dubbed a lifestyle disorder, was also found to be high in urban districts than rural areas. This is so because people in cities tend to be less physically active. This makes urbanization an important factor for growing number of diabetics in country. Also, diabetes was found to be more common in males than females as has been shown in earlier studies as well.

“Our study has identified hotspot districts having high prevalence of diabetes and recommended them to be targeted in public health programmes,” said Dr Preeti Dhillon, author of the study and Assistant Professor at International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) based at Mumbai, while talking to India Science Wire.

The analysis showed that 6.9% of adults in India between the age of 15-49 years of age have diabetes. Among the states and union territories, diabetes is highly prevalent in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, while is the least in Rajasthan. The prevalence of disease was found to be more in districts which are close to coastal areas.

“The high prevalence of diabetes in Andamans and Lakshwadeep is of interest as this has not been reported earlier and it would be worthwhile exploring whether any genetic or environmental factors contribute to this,” commented Dr V Mohan, Director, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation. He was not associated with the study.

Dr Anoop Misra, Vice President, Diabetes Foundation (India), commented that while this study provided new information about dietary context and prevalence of diabetes, it must be understood that diabetes is a multifactorial disease. Genetics, physical activity, alcohol consumption and other lifestyle factors should be taken in consideration before establishing conclusive links. Food intake is a continuously changing and dynamic process, and cannot be completely captured in a cross sectional snapshot. He agreed, however, that high protein intake is needed for Indians as it boost glucose metabolism in muscles reducing incidences of diabetes.

The research team at IIPS included Koustav Ghosh and Gopal Agrawal apart from Dr. Dhillon. The results of this study have published in Journal of Public Health.

UNi SNU 1319

More News
'Peepal 918': A symbol of Indo-Pak bonhomie at Jammu’s border village

'Peepal 918': A symbol of Indo-Pak bonhomie at Jammu’s border village

26 Nov 2019 | 6:33 PM

By Vishal Bharti
Octroi Post (Suchetgarh), Nov 26 (UNI) Decades of ‘sweet and sour’ relations have gone by but ‘Peepal 918’—located at ‘No Man’s Land’ still stands tall as a symbol of peace and bonhomie between India and Pakistan along International Border here, some 30-kilometres from Jammu City.

see more..
Poverty, urbanization, climate change and poor eating choices driving unhealthy diets

Poverty, urbanization, climate change and poor eating choices driving unhealthy diets

20 Oct 2019 | 2:38 PM

Kolkata, Oct 20 (UNI) An alarmingly number of children are suffering the consequences of poor diets and a food system that is failing them, UNICEF warned in a new report on children, food and nutrition.

see more..
Food consumption patterns in India reveal that child diets are largely starved of proteins and micronutrients

Food consumption patterns in India reveal that child diets are largely starved of proteins and micronutrients

17 Oct 2019 | 1:23 PM

Kolkata, Oct 17 (UNI) A report released recently by Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS), sponsored by UNESCO, shows that in India 35 per cent of children under five are stunted, 17 per cent are wasted and 33 per cent are underweight.

see more..
Green Gurukulam: Atypical school

Green Gurukulam: Atypical school

12 Oct 2019 | 3:29 PM

By Radhika Tiwari
New Delhi, Oct 12 (UNI) Can schools ever be imagined without a curriculum, classrooms and textbooks?
I reckon, not.

see more..
Tourist hotspot Al Badayer Oasis welcomes guests in UAE

Tourist hotspot Al Badayer Oasis welcomes guests in UAE

08 Oct 2019 | 3:45 PM

Sharjah, Oct 8 (UNI) Nature lovers and adventure seekers looking for a true taste of the Emirati lifestyle don’t have to look any further.

see more..