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Science & Technology » Environment Share

WWF urges Centre to boost measures for conservation of sea turtles

WWF urges Centre to boost measures for conservation of sea turtles

New Delhi, Jun 18 (UNI) WWF has urged the government to strengthen measures for protection and conservation of sea turtles, whose population was threatened by thousands of killings during trawling of shrimps every year.
The WWF said,"Tens of thousands of marine turtles are killed each year during trawling for shrimps.
A simple solution to the problem is the use of Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs) in the trawl nets.
The use of TEDs has proven to have reduced turtle bycatch by upto 97 per cent with minimal shrimp catch loss.
" India is one of the largest exporters of shrimps, mainly, to the US and EU markets with approximately 46 per cent of shrimps being wild caught.
India is also home to the largest mass nesting Olive Ridley turtle population which is threatened by shrimp trawling without TEDs.
The government has been facilitating the installation of TEDs in shrimp trawl boats through Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), and the state government of Odisha has made it mandatory for all trawlers to use TEDs.
However implementation of these regulations is still a concern and needs to be strengthened.
“Marine turtles represent a vital natural heritage for India and the country should do all it can to protect turtles from critical threats such as bycatch, loss of nesting habitat, and climate change.
Transforming the shrimp industry towards sustainability, including the use of Turtle Excluder Devices is a critical way forward," Dr Sejal Worah, Programme Director, WWF India said.
WWF called on the EU to immediately take action to protect marine turtles by requiring that all tropical shrimp trawlers exporting into the EU implement TEDs.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), bycatch poses the single most serious threat to marine turtles worldwide.
Marine turtles play a key role in marine ecosystems by, among other things, maintaining the health of sea grasses and coral reefs.
"The future of many of the world’s marine turtle populations rests on reforming the tropical shrimp production system across the value chain.
A shift in global consciousness on the consumption of shrimp from fisheries implicated in marine turtle bycatch is essential," the report highlighted.
Olive Ridleys come to Odisha ashore simultaneously by the hundreds and thousands to nest in one of the nature's greatest spectacles.
Major threats to Olive Ridleys include mortality associated with boat collisions, and incidental takes in fisheries.
Trawling, gill nets, ghost nests, longline fishing, and pot fishing, have significantly affected their populations, as well as other species of marine turtles.
More than 100,000 Olive Ridley turtles were reported dead in Odisha between 1993 and 2003, due to fishery-related practices.
Entanglement and ingestion of marine debris is also a major threat for this species while coastal development, natural disasters, climate change, and other sources of beach erosion are some potential threats to their nesting grounds.


Panacea Biotec receives Manufacturing Authorisation for 22 medicinal products

Mumbai, Oct 17 (UNI)Panacea Biotec a leading biotechnology company said that it has received the Certificate of GMP Compliance from State Service of Ukraine on Medicines and Drugs Control with Manufacturing Authorization for 22 medicinal products, including 4 oncology products for a period valid till June 24, 2020.


UN launches plan to stop transmission of bovine TB to humans

United Nations, Oct 13 (UNI) Stressing the damaging impact on poor rural communities in Africa and South-East Asia of animal tuberculosis’ (bovine TB) transmission to humans, United Nations health experts have launched the first-ever roadmap to combat the so-called zoonotic TB.


World will have more obese children and adolescents than underweight by 2022: WHO

Kolkata, Oct 12 (UNI) The number of obese children and adolescents (aged five to 19 years) worldwide has risen tenfold in the past four decades.


Int'l breast cancer conference stresses on need for early diagnosis, awareness

New Delhi, Oct 7 (UNI) To promote awareness about breast cancer which is becoming the common cancer among women in the country, an international conference was inaugurated on Saturday.


Kidney transplant saves life of in-house patient

Thane, Oct 4 (UNI) Two cadaveric Kidney transplants have saved as many lives--a 61-year-old housewife from Thane and another from Jupiter Hospital.

Solar eclipse 2017: North America will witness total solar eclipse

Solar eclipse 2017: North America will witness total solar eclipse

New York, Aug 21 (UNI) Today, all of North America will witness a total solar eclipse for the first time in 99 years, where the Moon will pass in front of the Sun, casting darkness across swathes of the Earth's surface - with up to 14 states shrouded in complete blackout.

Nano-particle fertilizer could lead to new 'green revolution'

Nano-particle fertilizer could lead to new 'green revolution'

New Delhi, Jan 26 (UNI) Sri Lankan scientists report having developed a simple way to make a benign, more efficient fertilizer – described as nano-particle fertilizer - that could contribute to a second food revolution across the globe.

Broken pebbles offer clues to Palaeolithic funeral rituals

Broken pebbles offer clues to Palaeolithic funeral rituals

New Delhi, Feb 9 (UNI) Humans may have ritualistically "killed" objects to remove their symbolic power, some 5,000 years earlier than previously thought, a new international study of marine pebble tools from an Upper Palaeolithic burial site in Italy suggests.