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Science Technology

Tuberculosis remains world’s deadliest infectious killer

Tuberculosis remains world’s deadliest infectious killer

Kolkata, Feb 15 (UNI) Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer,

each day, nearly 4500 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill

with this preventable and curable disease.

Global efforts to combat TB have saved an estimated 54 million lives since the year

2000 and reduced the TB mortality rate by 42 per cent.

World Tuberculosis Day, observed on March 24 each year, to raise public awareness

about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB, and to step up

efforts to end the global TB epidemic.

The date marks the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch announced that he had

discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing

and curing this disease.

The theme of World TB Day 2019 - ‘It’s time’ – puts the accent on the urgency to act

on the commitments made by global leaders to: scale up access to prevention and

treatment; build accountability; ensure sufficient and sustainable financing including for

research; promote an end to stigma and discrimination, and promote an equitable,

rights-based and people-centered TB response.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a joint initiative “Find. Treat.

All. #EndTB” with the Global Fund and Stop TB Partnership, with the aim of

accelerating the TB response and ensuring access to care, in line with WHO’s overall

drive towards Universal Health Coverage.

This World TB Day, WHO calls on governments, affected communities, civil society

organizations, health-care providers, and national/international partners to unite forces

under the banner “Find. Treat. All. #EndTB” to ensure no one is left behind.

It’s time for action! It’s time to End TB.

It commonly manifests as an infection of the lungs, usually with symptoms of coughing,

weight loss and other constitutional symptoms.

Antibiotics and improved basic sanitation and living conditions decreased dramatically

the impact of TB in developed countries, but together with HIV/AIDS it remains one of

the two most important infectious causes of adult mortality in the world. Because TB is

airborne, the effectiveness of a particular TB control program can have individual, local,

regional and global impact.


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