Wednesday, Feb 20 2019 | Time 10:26 Hrs(IST)
image
  • Kashmir highway closed yet again due to snow, landslides; Leh, Mughal roads shuts
  • Kerala Police introduces Humanoid Robot 'KP-BOT'
  • PM greets people of Arunachal, Mizoram on their Statehood Day
  • 37,323 candidates appear in Manipur HSLC examination
  • Cultural extravaganza to showcase spectrum of Indian dances
  • Trump says, he is in no rush for N korea to denuclearise
  • Imprisonment of Indians & Haj quota to figure at Modi-Saudi Prince talks
  • UK Prime Minister to present new proposals on Irish backstop issue on Wednesday
  • Trump orders Pentagon to draft space force legislation
  • Pak PM took 'instructions' on radio broadcast, says Imran's ex-wife Reham Khan
  • Trump extends US national emergency over Libya to prevent diversion of assets
  • Trump says 'No Pressing Time Schedule’ for denuclearising North Korea
  • Trump says 'No Pressing Time Schedule’ for denuclearising North Korea
  • US stocks close higher amid earnings
  • US dollar decline amid global trade optimism
Science Technology Share

Tetanus, an acute infectious disease

Tetanus, an acute infectious disease

Kolkata, Aug 17 (UNI) Tetanus is an acute infectious disease caused by spores

of the bacterium Clostridium tetani.

The spores are found everywhere in the environment, particularly in soil, ash,

intestinal tracts/feces of animals and humans, and on the surfaces of skin and

rusty tools like nails, needles, barbed wire, etc. Being very resistant to heat and

most antiseptics, the spores can survive for years.

Tetanus, or lockjaw, is a bacterial infection that is characterized by painful

muscle spasms, serious complications, and can lead to eventual death. Tetanus

is not transmitted from person-to-person. A person usually becomes infected

with tetanus when dirt enters a wound or cut.

The disease is caused by a potent neurotoxin that is produced by the bacteria

in the absence of oxygen.

Anyone can get tetanus, but the disease is particularly common and serious in

newborn babies and pregnant women who have not been sufficiently immunized

with tetanus-toxoid-containing vaccines. Tetanus during pregnancy or within 6

weeks of the end of pregnancy is called “maternal tetanus”, and tetanus within

the first 28 days of life is called “neonatal tetanus”.

The disease remains an important public health problem in many parts of the

world, but especially in low-income countries or districts, where immunization

coverage is low, and unclean birth practices are common.

Neonatal tetanus occurs when nonsterile instruments are used to cut the

umbilical cord or when contaminated material is used to cover the umbilical

stump. Deliveries carried out by people with unclean hands or on a contaminated

surface are also risk factors.

MORE UNI BM

More News
E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

15 Feb 2019 | 4:19 PM

New Delhi, Feb 15 (UNI) E-Cigarettes are effective at helping smokers quit and are almost twice as successful as products like patches or gum for smoking cessation, according to a study.

 Sharesee more..
Tuberculosis remains world’s deadliest infectious killer

Tuberculosis remains world’s deadliest infectious killer

15 Feb 2019 | 1:33 PM

Kolkata, Feb 15 (UNI) Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer,
each day, nearly 4500 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill
with this preventable and curable disease.

 Sharesee more..
HIV awareness: 360 degree approach by government

HIV awareness: 360 degree approach by government

08 Feb 2019 | 10:45 AM

New Delhi, Feb 8 (UNI) The Government has implemented 360 degree multimedia campaigns along with mass media to create awareness on HIV/AIDS and promoting services, facilities across the country.

 Sharesee more..
16 die of swine flu in HP, 113 new cases surfaced

16 die of swine flu in HP, 113 new cases surfaced

05 Feb 2019 | 2:01 PM

Shimla, Feb 5 (UNI) With two more patients succumbing to the deadly H1N1 influenza in Himachal Pradesh, the toll in the state mounted to 16.

 Sharesee more..
World Cancer Day: Health Min says cancer curable if detected, treated early

World Cancer Day: Health Min says cancer curable if detected, treated early

04 Feb 2019 | 2:22 PM

New Delhi, Feb 4 (UNI) Union Health Minister JP Nadda on World Cancer Day on Monday said cancer is curable if detected and treated in time.

 Sharesee more..
image