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Significant impact of sanitation and socio-economy on improving water quality and human health: Progress towards Sustainable Development Goals, says IIT Kharagpur Study

Kolkata, Oct 24 (UNI) A team of researchers from IIT Kharagpur has connected the links between the influence of economic growth in reducing fecal pathogens in groundwater which is considered to be one of the key factors causing water-borne diseases across India.
Over the last twenty-six year to 2016, about 15.5% of the total deaths are caused due to water borne diseases like Diarrhoea. While the study reported the elevated of fecal coliform concentration in potable groundwater in rural regions across India, it also made first-time observations on significant reduction of faecal pathogen concentration in the spatially variable groundwater from 2002 to 2017.
“Looking beyond the country globally, more than one-third of the total country’s population, living in economically stressed areas of Africa and South Asia still do not have access to basic sanitation, and more than 1 billion still opt for open defecation. Until recently, India has more than 500 million open-defecating population resulting unsafe disposal of fecal waste to nearby drinking water sources poses a serious environmental crisis and public health concern,” said Prof. Abhijit Mukherjee, faculty at the School of Environmental Science and Engineering and Dept. of Geology and Geophysics at IIT Kharagpur who led the research project.
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