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World


Seven of world’s 10 most polluted cities are in India

Davos, Jan 24 (UNI) Seven of the world’s 10 most polluted cities are in India and also 22 of the worst 30, according to new study by IQAir AirVisual and Greenpeace that identified the cities where air pollution is highest.
The most polluted city on earth is Gurugram, a financial and industrial hub of nearly 1 million people, southwest of New Delhi. There, average air pollution levels in 2018 were more than 13 times the level permitted under World health Organisation guidelines, although air quality had actually improved slightly since the previous year.

Like Gurugram, the next four Indian cities on the list are satellites of Delhi, which is the most polluted capital on earth. These are Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi and Noida.
And among the worst 10 are also Patna and Lucknow.
The cost of air pollution is immense - both to human health and the economy. Air pollution is an insidious killer. If you are among the 91 per cent of the world's population who breathes air the WHO deems unsafe, then every time you inhale, microscopic particles are being drawn into your lungs.
The research focussed on the levels of fine particulate matter known as PM2.5. These microscopic particles 20 times smaller than the width of a human hair are the most damaging to human health. They can be metals, organic compounds or the by-products of combustion from coal-fired power stations, wood and charcoal-burning stoves, vehicle engines and factories.
They get into your bloodstream, causing cancers, strokes and heart disease, stunting children’s growth and development and even reducing your intelligence.



The World Bank estimates that air pollution costs India the equivalent of 8.5 per cent of GDP -- a huge drain on resources.
UNI SRJ
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