Wednesday, Apr 24 2019 | Time 08:13 Hrs(IST)
image
  • NZ and France seek to crack down terrorism on social media
  • IOC unveils medal design for Lausanne 2020 Winter Youth Olympics
  • Train service resumes in Kashmir
  • Barca beat Alaves to move to within 3 points of Liga Santander title
  • Trump meets Twitter CEO Dorsey to discuss social media
  • Russia's Khasan border city boosts security measures ahead of Kim's arrival
  • US ready to delay Butina sentencing if defence needs more time to review evidence - Filing
  • US treasury to decide on Trump tax return request by May 6 - Mnuchin
  • UN Security Council adopts resolution to combat sexual violence in war
  • France denounces attacks against military forces in Mali
  • 45 children killed in Sri Lanka bombings, says UNICEF
  • 169 present nomination papers in MP
  • 169 present nomination papers in MP
  • Anti-Pragya remark; FIR filed
  • Anti-Pragya remark; FIR filed
Science Technology


Salmonella- a genus of bacteria - major cause of foodborne illness

Salmonella- a genus of bacteria - major cause of foodborne illness

Kolkata, Dec 13 (UNI) Salmonella is a genus of bacteria, which is a major cause

of foodborne illness throughout the world.

The bacteria are generally transmitted to humans through consumption of

contaminated food of animal origin, mainly meat, poultry, eggs and milk.

The burden of foodborne diseases is substantial: every year almost 1 in 10

people fall ill and 33 million of healthy life years are lost. Foodborne diseases

can be severe, especially for young children.

Diarrhoeal diseases are the most common illnesses resulting from unsafe

food, 550 million people falling ill each year, including 220 million children under

the age of 5 years. Salmonella is 1 of the 4 key global causes of diarrhoeal

diseases.

Salmonella is a gram negative rods genus belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae

family. Within 2 species, Salmonella bongori andSamonella enterica, over 2500

different serotypes or serovars have been identified to date. Salmonella is a

ubiquitous and hardy bacteria that can survive several weeks in a dry environment

and several months in water.

While all serotypes can cause disease in humans, a few are host-specific and

can reside in only one or a few animal species: for example, Salmonella enterica

serotype Dublin in cattle andSalmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis in pigs.

When these particular serotypes cause disease in humans, it is often invasive

and can be life-threatening.

Most serotypes, however, are present in a wide range of hosts. Typically, such

serotypes cause gastroenteritis, which is often uncomplicated and does not need

treatment, but disease can be severe in the young, the elderly, and patients with

weakened immunity. This group features Salmonella entericaserotype Enteritidis

and Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium, the two most important serotypes

ofSalmonella transmitted from animals to humans in most parts of the world.

MORE UNI BM SJC

More News
First-ever black hole image: Scientists revel in breakthrough

First-ever black hole image: Scientists revel in breakthrough

11 Apr 2019 | 4:04 PM

London, Apr 11 (UNI) The first-ever image of a black hole - an object or region of space that has collapsed in on itself resulting in a huge amount of mass being concentrated in a very small area - has been released.

see more..
Indian predicted Neptune’s New Moon

Indian predicted Neptune’s New Moon

31 Mar 2019 | 10:21 AM

New Delhi, Mar 31 (UNI) Dr J J Rawal, the then Research Director, Nehru Planetarium, Nehru Centre, Worli, Mumbai and currently, the President of the Indian Planetary Society, way back in 1981 and 1989 has predicted the existence of Neptune’s New Moon.

see more..
Gender inequity remains a challenge in health workforce

Gender inequity remains a challenge in health workforce

22 Mar 2019 | 11:13 AM

Kolkata, Mar 22 (UNI) Gender inequity remains a challenge in the health workforce, with too few women making critical decisions and leading the work.

see more..
Influenza viruses belonging to family Orthomyxoviridae

Influenza viruses belonging to family Orthomyxoviridae

12 Mar 2019 | 12:26 PM

Kolkata, Mar 12 (UNI) The influenza viruses are classified into types A, B and C on the basis of their nucleoproteins.

see more..
PM-STIAC identifies nine missions of national importance

PM-STIAC identifies nine missions of national importance

06 Mar 2019 | 5:20 PM

New Delhi, Mar 6 (UNI) PM-Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine missions of national importance with an objective to conserve country's biodiversity and develop sustainable agriculture processes, leverage precision health for personal well being, recover wealth from waste and develop and use artificial intelligence .

see more..
image