Tuesday, Feb 19 2019 | Time 02:47 Hrs(IST)
image
  • Trump to urge Venezuelan military to support Guaido on Monday: White House
  • Shiv Sena agreed for alliance with BJP fearing ED probe: Vikhe Patil
  • Iraq: 1 killed, 7 kidnapped by IS
  • Foreign jihadists should be judged in the region: Belgian PM
  • At least 10 Houthi rebels killed in clashes with Yemeni gov't forces
  • Bihar: Major reshuffle of IPS officers ahead of LS election
  • After BJP-Shiv Sena alliance in Mah, Cong wonders whether it is 'grand adultration' or 'grand fear'
  • Indian diplomat Mittal declines 'handshake' offer from Pak Attorney General at ICJ
  • Be confident: MP CM to students
Science Technology Share

Salmonella- a genus of bacteria - major cause of foodborne illness

Salmonella- a genus of bacteria - major cause of foodborne illness

Kolkata, Dec 13 (UNI) Salmonella is a genus of bacteria, which is a major cause

of foodborne illness throughout the world.

The bacteria are generally transmitted to humans through consumption of

contaminated food of animal origin, mainly meat, poultry, eggs and milk.

The burden of foodborne diseases is substantial: every year almost 1 in 10

people fall ill and 33 million of healthy life years are lost. Foodborne diseases

can be severe, especially for young children.

Diarrhoeal diseases are the most common illnesses resulting from unsafe

food, 550 million people falling ill each year, including 220 million children under

the age of 5 years. Salmonella is 1 of the 4 key global causes of diarrhoeal

diseases.

Salmonella is a gram negative rods genus belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae

family. Within 2 species, Salmonella bongori andSamonella enterica, over 2500

different serotypes or serovars have been identified to date. Salmonella is a

ubiquitous and hardy bacteria that can survive several weeks in a dry environment

and several months in water.

While all serotypes can cause disease in humans, a few are host-specific and

can reside in only one or a few animal species: for example, Salmonella enterica

serotype Dublin in cattle andSalmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis in pigs.

When these particular serotypes cause disease in humans, it is often invasive

and can be life-threatening.

Most serotypes, however, are present in a wide range of hosts. Typically, such

serotypes cause gastroenteritis, which is often uncomplicated and does not need

treatment, but disease can be severe in the young, the elderly, and patients with

weakened immunity. This group features Salmonella entericaserotype Enteritidis

and Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium, the two most important serotypes

ofSalmonella transmitted from animals to humans in most parts of the world.

MORE UNI BM SJC

More News
E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

15 Feb 2019 | 4:19 PM

New Delhi, Feb 15 (UNI) E-Cigarettes are effective at helping smokers quit and are almost twice as successful as products like patches or gum for smoking cessation, according to a study.

 Sharesee more..
Tuberculosis remains world’s deadliest infectious killer

Tuberculosis remains world’s deadliest infectious killer

15 Feb 2019 | 1:33 PM

Kolkata, Feb 15 (UNI) Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer,
each day, nearly 4500 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill
with this preventable and curable disease.

 Sharesee more..
HIV awareness: 360 degree approach by government

HIV awareness: 360 degree approach by government

08 Feb 2019 | 10:45 AM

New Delhi, Feb 8 (UNI) The Government has implemented 360 degree multimedia campaigns along with mass media to create awareness on HIV/AIDS and promoting services, facilities across the country.

 Sharesee more..
16 die of swine flu in HP, 113 new cases surfaced

16 die of swine flu in HP, 113 new cases surfaced

05 Feb 2019 | 2:01 PM

Shimla, Feb 5 (UNI) With two more patients succumbing to the deadly H1N1 influenza in Himachal Pradesh, the toll in the state mounted to 16.

 Sharesee more..
World Cancer Day: Health Min says cancer curable if detected, treated early

World Cancer Day: Health Min says cancer curable if detected, treated early

04 Feb 2019 | 2:22 PM

New Delhi, Feb 4 (UNI) Union Health Minister JP Nadda on World Cancer Day on Monday said cancer is curable if detected and treated in time.

 Sharesee more..
image