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Rheumatic fever-heart disease significant cause of cardiovascular ailments

Rheumatic fever-heart disease significant cause of cardiovascular ailments

Kolkata, Aug 23 (UNI) Rheumatic fever (RF) and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) remain significant causes of cardiovascular diseases in the world today.

Rheumatic heart disease is a preventable yet serious public health problem in low and middle-income countries and in marginalized communities in high-income countries, including indigenous population.

The disease results from damage to heart valves caused by one or several episodes of rheumatic fever, an autoimmune inflammatory reaction to throat infection caused by group A streptococci (streptococcal pharyngitis).

It most commonly occurs in childhood and can lead to death or life-long disability



Socio-economic and environmental factors such as poor housing, under-nutrition, over-crowding and poverty increase the likelihood and the severity of the disease.

There is currently no single test to diagnose acute rheumatic fever (ARF). Diagnosis is based on clinical assessment and the identification of a number of signs and symptoms that are associated with the illness. Signs and symptoms of ARF are divided into two categories: major and minor.

Major signs and symptoms are strongly associated with ARF and include carditis (swelling of the heart), arthritis (pain, redness and swelling of one or more joints), Sydenham’s chorea (strange movements of the body and face), erythema marginatum (painless skin pigmentation), and subcutaneous nodules (small lumps under the skin).

Minor signs and symptoms are used to help support the diagnosis. These include fever, arthralgia (generalised joint aches), blood tests that suggest general illness (elevated ESR), and changes seen on electrocardiogram (Increased P-R interval).

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16 Jan 2019 | 1:15 PM

Kolkata, Jan 16 (UNI) Hantavirus (HV) is an emerging zoonotic disease transmitted by rodents such as mice and rats.

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About 830 women die from pregnancy or childbirth-related complications every day

About 830 women die from pregnancy or childbirth-related complications every day

10 Jan 2019 | 12:51 PM

Kolkata, Jan 10 (UNI) About 830 women die from pregnancy- or childbirth-related complications around the world every day.

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18-year-old boy is India's youngest to be fitted with S-ICD at Kauvery hosp

18-year-old boy is India's youngest to be fitted with S-ICD at Kauvery hosp

08 Jan 2019 | 4:06 PM

Chennai, Jan 8 (UNI) An 18-year-old local boy has become India's
youngest patient to be fitted with a Subcutaneous Implantable
Cardioverter Defibrillator (S-ICD) at the Kauvery hospital here.

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Grand Challenges grant for cuffless blood pressure monitor linked to action software

Grand Challenges grant for cuffless blood pressure monitor linked to action software

04 Jan 2019 | 8:10 PM

Kolkata, Jan 4 (UNI) A project that integrates an innovative blood pressure measurement software with an open-access mobile patient record and decision-support software platform has won a Grand Challenges award that will help enable its testing in low- and middle-income countries.

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Bengal Govt keen to let the latest research help the grassroots people

Bengal Govt keen to let the latest research help the grassroots people

02 Jan 2019 | 2:37 PM

Kolkata, Jan 02 (UNI) The Bengal Government is keen to let the effects of research reach the people at the grassroots to enable them to lead better lives.

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