Sunday, May 19 2019 | Time 20:53 Hrs(IST)
image
  • UP BJP hails exit polls prediction of BJP-led NDA govt at Centre
  • 5 9-magnitude quake hits 174km E of Tadine, New Caledonia -- USGS
  • Democracy's finest hour: 68% turnout, 542 LS seats, NDA win forecast
  • Blast near tourist bus injures at least 17 in Egypt
  • Mamata, Derek o' Brien & Omar dismiss exit polls, say May 23 will show real picture
  • 65-70 pc voters turnout in Punjab, over 64 pc in Chandigarh
  • Sukhbir Badal thanks people of Punjab for voting in large number
  • Modi congratulates Morrison on poll victory
  • Repolling in seven booths in Kerala ended peacefully
  • Naidu continues efforts to form non-BJP front, meets Sonia, Rahul, other opp leaders
  • Russian Energy Minister says discussed oil market situation with Saudi Counterpart
  • Around 57 pc polling in UP in last phase, by and large peaceful
  • Odisha, SAI, UP & Jharkhand enter semis of Sub-Junior Men Nat'l C'ship
  • Modi govt set to return to power, Exit polls predict
  • Polling passes off peacefully in all four LS seats of Himachal
World


One-in-seven babies worldwide weigh less than 5.5 pounds

One-in-seven babies worldwide weigh less than 5.5 pounds

United Nations, May 16 (UNI) Many countries need to invest more and take greater action to reduce the number of babies born with low birth weights which put their health at risk, urges a United Nations-backed report released.

According to the report released on Wednesday, around one-in-seven babies worldwide weighed less than 5.5 pounds, or 2.5 kilogrammes at birth, according to latest data from 2015.

The Lancet Global Health research paper was developed by experts from the World Health Organisation (WHO), UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, which not only reveals that more than 20 million babies that year were born with a low birthweight, but that 80 per cent of the world’s 2.5 million low weight newborns die every year, because they are either pre-term and/or small for gestational age.

“We have seen very little change over 15 years”, spelled out lead author Hannah Blencowe, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the United Kingdom. “Despite clear commitments, our estimates indicate that national Governments are doing too little to reduce low birth weight”.

In 2012, WHO’s 195 member States committed to reduce its prevalence by 30 per cent, by 2025. However, estimates found only a 1.2 per cent decrease worldwide – from 22.9 million low birthweight livebirths in 2000 to 20.5 million in 2015 – indicating that if the rate did not pick up, the world would fall well short of the annual 2.7 per cent reduction required to meet the 2012 target.

Although every newborn must be weighed, co-author UNICEF Statistics and Monitoring Specialist, Julia Krasevec, said that “worldwide, we don’t have a record for the birth weight of nearly one-third of all newborns”.

“We cannot help babies born with low birth weight without improving the coverage and accuracy of the data we collect”, Ms Krasevec added.

Key drivers of low birth weight throughout life include:

* Extremes in maternal age

* Multiple pregnancy

* Obstetric complications

* Chronic maternal conditions, such as hypertensive pregnancy disorders

* Infections, such as malaria

* Nutritional status

* Environmental factors, such as indoor air pollution

* Tobacco and drug use

And low weight babies who survive are at greater risk of stunting, or being short for their ages in height, and suffering developmental and physical ill health later in life - including chronic conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

The study’s authors have called for international action to ensure that all babies are weighed at birth, to improve clinical care and to promote public health inquiry into the causes of low birthweight, to reduce death and disability.

“With better weighing devices and stronger data systems, we can capture the true birth weight of every baby, including those born at home, and provide better quality of care to these newborns and their mothers” Ms. Krasevec affirmed.

The publication illustrates that three-quarters of those affected were born in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

However, the problem is also significant in high-income countries in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand, where there has been virtually no progress in reducing low birthweight rates since 2000.

In low-income countries, poor growth in the womb is a major cause, while the new analysis associates the issue in more developed regions with prematurity, or a baby which is born earlier than 37 weeks.

Because it is “a complex clinical entity”, WHO co-author Mercedes de Onis said that reduction “requires understanding of the underlying causes in a given country”, which “should be a priority” in high-burden countries.

UNi SNU 1306

More News

China for new era of ties with Bangladesh, says envoy

19 May 2019 | 6:55 PM

Dhaka, May 19 (UNI) Chinese Ambassador to Bangladesh Zhang Zuo on Saturday said his country would like to push China Bangladesh relations into a new era to bring more to people of both the nations.

see more..

Austria to hold snap election in Sept: Prez

19 May 2019 | 6:33 PM

Vienna, May 19 (UNI) Austria is set to hold a snap election in September, Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen said here on Sunday.

see more..

Four workers dead, two injured as crane collapses in Central Israel

19 May 2019 | 6:31 PM

Jerusalem, May 19 (UNI) In a gruesome incident, at least four construction workers died while two sustained injuries after a crane collapsed and counterweights crashed to the ground at a residential construction site in which they were working in Central Israel's Yavne city on Sunday.

see more..

Pak ready to facilitate de-escalating tension in region: Qureshi

19 May 2019 | 6:30 PM

Kuwait City, May 19 (UNI) Pakistan is ready to facilitate de-escalation of tension in the region and support peace and stability, visiting Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said here on Sunday.

see more..

Mali violence: Nigerian peacekeeper killed in Timbuktu

19 May 2019 | 6:27 PM

Bamako, May 19 (UNI) A Nigerian UN peacekeeper has been killed and another injured by unidentified assailants in Timbuktu, in northern Mali, the UN says.

see more..
image