Saturday, May 25 2019 | Time 12:52 Hrs(IST)
image
  • Trump to clear $8bn Saudi weapons sale over Iran tensions
  • Tripura CS removed, 14 IAS and 2 IPS transferred a day after BJP’s victory
  • Russia believes JCPOA Commission should meet as soon as possible: Ryabkov
  • Punjab govt running anti farmer policy: Farmers Union
  • Jagan Mohan Reddy elected as YSRCP LP leader
  • BJP activist shot dead in Nadia; Post-result violence rocks Bengal
  • Jagan Mohan Reddy elected as YSRCP LP leader
  • Container explosion leaves at least 25 injured in Thailand
  • China crushes Thailand 3-0 to qualify for Sudirman Cup final
  • UN honours peacekeepers who paid the 'ultimate' price
  • Athlete Hima Das clears Assam HSLC exam, secures first division
  • Congress, despite debacle in LS Polls, is in favor of consolidating tie-up with the JD(S)
  • Three children shot dead in Bulandshahr
  • BJP & NDA lawmakers set to formally elect Modi as Parl party leader
  • MHA alerts Tripura, Assam and W Bengal on Islamic terrorist outfits
India


CSIR-CIMAP publishes report of complete genome sequence of ‘Tulsi’

New Delhi, Jun 1 (UNI) CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow, has published report of complete genome sequence of 'Holy basil' or 'Tulsi', a traditional and most respected medicinal plant of India.
The institute has published whole genome sequence of Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi), which is revered as ‘Vishnupriya’ and worshipped for over more than 3000 years through the sacred traditions of Hindu culture, Union Ministry of Science and Technology said today.
This is the first report of complete genome sequence of a traditional and most respected medicinal plant of India, using a composite next generation sequencing technologies, the Ministry said in a statement.
Considering the metabolic and therapeutic potential of this revered plant, the availability of whole genome sequence is the first step to understand and unravel the secrets of this ‘mother of all herbs’ and to provide scientific validity to the traditional claims of its utility in diverse medicinal usage.
Being the most popular household plant in India, Tulsi is traditionally used for the cure of several ailments.
This herb is described as 'The Queen of Herbs', 'The Incomparable One' and 'The Mother Medicine of Nature' in the Ayurvedic text of Charaka Samhita. All parts of this legendary, divine and most cherished ancient herb (dried leaf, dried seed, and dried whole plant) are used in several systems of traditional medicine, including Ayurveda, Greek, Roman, Siddha, and Unani.
It is used in the preparations to cure various diseases including bronchitis, bronchial asthma, malaria, diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, arthritis, painful eye diseases, chronic fever, insect bite and so on. It has also been described to possess anti-fertility, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, anti-microbial, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, anti-emetic, anti-spasmodic, analgesic, adaptogenic and diaphoretic actions.
Many of the basil oil constituents have found applications as medicinal ingredients, flavours and fragrance. The medicinal plant is also rich in phenylpropanoids, terpenoids and their derivatives, and many of these are implicated for different therapeutic activities.
The availability of the genome sequence now opens the possibility to identify genes involved in producing therapeutic molecules and to produce them in vitro. This will also facilitate identification of not yet identified genes involved in the synthesis of important secondary metabolites in this plant.
Specific pathway related genes identified or mined in this genome could be used for the production of secondary metabolites following synthetic biology approaches. The development of molecular tools and genomic resources will accelerate molecular breeding and ultimately the utility of Holy basil in medical community.
The nuclear genome of Holy basil is the smallest (386 Mb) in the family Lamiaceae while the chloroplast genome (142,245 bp) is the smallest in the order Lamiales. According to the chloroplast genome similarity, O. sanctum shows maximum evolutionary closeness to Salvia miltiorrhiza, a plant of Chinese system of traditional medicine. Although, both these plants predominantly produce phenylpropanoids, and both have the identical diploid number of chromosomes (2n = 16), the genome size of O. sanctum (386 Mb) is a little more than half of the genome size of S. miltiorrhiza indicating that O. sanctum genome is more compact than that of S. miltiorrhiza, the statement added.
UNI NY AJ SY 2206
More News
BJP & NDA lawmakers set to formally elect Modi as Parl party leader

BJP & NDA lawmakers set to formally elect Modi as Parl party leader

25 May 2019 | 12:20 PM

New Delhi, May 25 (UNI) Stage is set for scripting a new page in the life of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. All newly elected MPs of the BJP-led NDA will meet on Saturday here to formally elect Mr Modi as the leader of the NDA parliamentary party.

see more..
PM Modi to visit Gujarat on Sunday, meet mother

PM Modi to visit Gujarat on Sunday, meet mother

25 May 2019 | 11:29 AM

New Delhi, May 25 (UNI) After registering a massive victory in the 2019 general elections Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be visiting his Parliamentary constituency Varanasi on Monday.

see more..
Prez hosts  banquet in honour of outgoing Union Council of Ministers

Prez hosts banquet in honour of outgoing Union Council of Ministers

24 May 2019 | 11:51 PM

New Delhi, may 24 (uni) President Ram Nath Kovind on Friday hosted a banquet in honour of the outgoing Union Council of Ministers, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

see more..
Jaitley reviews economic condition at 'thanks giving' meet

Jaitley reviews economic condition at 'thanks giving' meet

24 May 2019 | 11:21 PM

New Delhi, May 24 (UNI) Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Friday evening reviewed the economic condition of the country in a meeting with senior officials from his Ministry.

see more..
NIA arrests WB absconder from Bihar in Vizag FICN case

NIA arrests WB absconder from Bihar in Vizag FICN case

24 May 2019 | 9:52 PM

New Delhi, May 24 (UNI) The National Investigation Agency (NIA) on Wednesday arrested an absconder from Sugauli in East Champaran of Bihar, in connection with the Vizag Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) case, the probe agency said here on Friday.

see more..
image