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Science Technology


Measles cases spike globally due to gaps in vaccination coverage

Measles cases spike globally due to gaps in vaccination coverage

Kolkata, Nov 30 (UNI) Measles is a serious and highly contagious disease caused by a virus.

It can cause debilitating or fatal complications, including encephalitis (an infection that leads to swelling of the brain), severe diarrhoea and dehydration, pneumonia, ear infections and permanent vision loss.

Babies and young children with malnutrition and weak immune systems are particularly vulnerable to complications and death.

The disease is preventable through two doses of a safe and effective vaccine. For several years, however, global coverage with the first dose of measles vaccine has stalled at 85 percent.

This is far short of the 95 percent needed to prevent outbreaks, and leaves many people, in many communities, susceptible to the disease. Second dose coverage stands at 67 percent.

Reported measles cases spiked in 2017, as multiple countries experienced severe and protracted outbreaks of the disease. This is according to a new report published on November 29 by leading health organizations.

Because of gaps in vaccination coverage, measles outbreaks occurred in all regions, while there were an estimated 110 000 deaths related to the disease.

Using updated disease modelling data, the report provides the most comprehensive estimates of measles trends over the last 17 years.

It shows that since 2000, over 21 million lives have been saved through measles immunizations. However, reported cases increased by more than 30 percent worldwide from 2016.

The Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean Region, and Europe experienced the greatest upsurges in cases in 2017, with the Western Pacific the only World Health Organization (WHO) region where measles incidence fell.

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PM-STIAC identifies nine missions of national importance

PM-STIAC identifies nine missions of national importance

06 Mar 2019 | 5:20 PM

New Delhi, Mar 6 (UNI) PM-Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine missions of national importance with an objective to conserve country's biodiversity and develop sustainable agriculture processes, leverage precision health for personal well being, recover wealth from waste and develop and use artificial intelligence .

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Strengthening newborn health & prevention of Birth Defects

Strengthening newborn health & prevention of Birth Defects

05 Mar 2019 | 3:17 PM

Kolkata, Mar 5 (UNI) Birth defects, also known as congenital anomalies, can be defined as structural or functional abnormalities, including metabolic disorders, which are present from birth.

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Role of meditation in preventing cardiovascular diseases to be taken up in AIIMS Rishikesh

Role of meditation in preventing cardiovascular diseases to be taken up in AIIMS Rishikesh

28 Feb 2019 | 5:19 PM

New Delhi, Feb 28 (UNI) One of a kind symposium on 'Role of Meditation for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases' will be organised by AIIMS Rishikesh on March 9 and 10.

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus - a leading cause of respiratory disease globally

Respiratory Syncytial Virus - a leading cause of respiratory disease globally

18 Feb 2019 | 2:08 PM

Kolkata, Feb 18 (UNI) Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a leading cause of respiratory disease globally.

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E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

15 Feb 2019 | 4:19 PM

New Delhi, Feb 15 (UNI) E-Cigarettes are effective at helping smokers quit and are almost twice as successful as products like patches or gum for smoking cessation, according to a study.

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