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Majority of newborn deaths take place in developing countries

Majority of newborn deaths take place in developing countries

Kolkata, Dec 12 (UNI) The vast majority of newborn death takes place in

developing countries because of low access to healthcare.

Most of these newborns die at home, without skilled care that could

greatly increase their chances for survival.

Skilled health care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the postnatal

(immediately following birth) period prevents complications for mother and

newborn, and allows for early detection and management of problems.

In addition, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF now

recommend home visits by a skilled health worker during a baby's first

week of life to improve newborn survival.

Newborns in special circumstances, such as low-birth-weight babies,

babies born to HIV-positive mothers, or sick babies, require additional

care and should be referred to a hospital.

Newborn, or neonatal, death account for 46 per cent of all deaths

among children under 5. The majority of all neonatal deaths (75 per cent)

occur during the first week of life, and about 1 million newborn die within

the first 24 hours.

The main causes of newborn death are prematurity and low-birth-weight,

infections, asphyxia (lack of oxygen at birth) and birth trauma. These

causes account for nearly 80 per cent of deaths in this age group.

With an increasing share of under-5 deaths occurring within the

neonatal period, accelerated change for child survival requires a greater

focus on building strong health services, ensuring that every birth is

attended by skilled personnel and making hospital care available in an

emergency.

Home visits by a skilled health worker immediately after birth is a

health strategy that can increase newborn survival rates. The strategy

has shown positive results in high mortality settings by reducing newborn

deaths and improving key newborn care practices.

MORE UNI BM SJC

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20 Apr 2018 | 7:09 PM

United Nations, Apr 20 (UNI) Robotics may soon be a critical ally in the fight against disease-spreading bugs, a United Nations agency has said after a successful test releasing sterile mosquitos from aerial drones as part of efforts to suppress the insect that spreads Zika and other diseases.

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Evidence shows banning asbestos has no negative economic impact

Evidence shows banning asbestos has no negative economic impact

20 Apr 2018 | 11:56 AM

Kolkata, Apr 20 (UNI) Sound scientific evidence shows that any exposure to asbestos fibres poses significant health risks.

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Nadda directs for comprehensive strategy to tackle leprosy, TB

Nadda directs for comprehensive strategy to tackle leprosy, TB

17 Apr 2018 | 6:47 PM

New Delhi, Apr 17 (UNI) Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare JP Nadda directed for a comprehensive strategy for addressing incidence, prevalence and surveillance aspects to eliminate leprosy at district level and reviewed Tuberculosis Control Programme on Tuesday.

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Fortis Hospital performs Double Root Translocation surgery to cure 3-year-old Kashmiri boy

Fortis Hospital performs Double Root Translocation surgery to cure 3-year-old Kashmiri boy

14 Apr 2018 | 4:32 PM

New Delhi, Apr 14 (UNI A team of doctors at Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI) recently performed a rare Double Root Translocation Surgery to cure three-year Mohammed Aasim, from Safapora, Ganderbal in Jammu and Kashmir recently.

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WHO and UNICEF issue new guidance to promote breastfeeding in health facilities globally

WHO and UNICEF issue new guidance to promote breastfeeding in health facilities globally

12 Apr 2018 | 2:25 PM

Kolkata, Apr 12 (UNI) WHO and UNICEF on Wednesday issued new ten-step guidance to
increase support for breastfeeding in health facilities that provide maternity and newborn
services.

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