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Inland fisheries a major contributor to overall fish production in India : Purohit

Inland fisheries a major contributor to overall fish production in India : Purohit
File Photo

Chennai, June 19 (UNI) Inland fisheries has emerged as a major contributor

to the overall fish production in the country, Tamil Nadu Governor Banwarilal

Purohit said on Wednesday.

Inaugurating an International Conference on “Asian Pacific Aqua Culture

2019” organised by the Tamil Nadu Dr J Jayalalithaa Fisheries University

and World Aqua Culture Society-- Asian Pacific Aqua Culture, here, he

said the historical scenario of fisheries in India reveals a paradigm shift

from marine dominated fisheries to a situation today wherein inland

fisheries has emerged as a major contributor to the overall fish production

in the country.

Pointing out that the annual fisheries and aquaculture production in India

was about 12 million metric tonnes, he said the country now enjoys the

second position in the world after China with regard to fisheries and

aquaculture production.

'Inland fisheries presently has a share of 66.81 per cent in the total fish

production of the country. Consequently, freshwater aquaculture, which

had a share of only 34 percent in inland fisheries in mid-1980s, has gone

up to about 80 per cent in recent years', he added.

Mr Purohit said prawn farming has also grown considerably in the last

few decades and the book on shrimp farming, released today, deals with

the systems and advanced management practices with regard to the

shrimp industry and was sure to serve as a guiding light for entrepreneurs

and exporters.

He said the theme of conference “Aquaculture for Health, Wealth and

Happiness” has been aptly named in line with the current trends.

Farming of fish was the most common form of aquaculture. It involves

raising fish commercially usually for food.

The Governor said commercial shrimp farming began in the 1970s and

production grew steeply thereafter. About 75 per cent of farmed shrimp

was produced in Asia.

Just two species of shrimp, the Pacific white shrimp and the giant tiger

prawn, account for about 80 per cent of all farmed shrimp.

In the Mediterranean, young bluefin tuna were netted at sea and towed

slowly towards the shore. They were then interned in offshore pens

(sometimes made from floating HDPE pipe) where they were further

grown for the market, Mr Purohit said.

In 2009, researchers in Australia managed for the first time to coax

southern bluefin tuna to breed in landlocked tanks. Southern bluefin

tuna were also caught in the wild and fattened in grow-out sea cages

in southern Spencer Gulf, South Australia, he said.

UNI GV 1325

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