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Hepatitis C, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus

Hepatitis C, a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus

Kolkata, Nov 1 (UNI) Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection. A significant number of those who are chronically infected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer. Approximately 399 000 people die each year from hepatitis C, mostly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Antiviral medicines can cure more than 95 per cent of persons with hepatitis C infection, thereby reducing the risk of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but access to diagnosis and treatment is low. There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is ongoing. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is usually asymptomatic, and is only very rarely (if ever) associated with life-threatening disease. About 15–45 per cent of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment. The remaining 60–80 per cent of persons will develop chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15–30% within 20 years. Hepatitis C is found worldwide. The most affected regions are WHO Eastern Mediterranean and European Regions, with the prevalence of 2.3 and 1.5 per cent respectively. Prevalence of HCV infection in other WHO regions varies from 0.5 to 1.0 per cent. MORE UNI BM SJC

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Annual incidence of head and neck cancers worldwide more than 550,000 cases

Annual incidence of head and neck cancers worldwide more than 550,000 cases

03 Dec 2018 | 11:43 AM

Kolkata, Dec 3 (UNI) The annual incidence of head and neck cancers worldwide is more than 550,000 cases with around 300,000 deaths each year.

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Measles cases spike globally due to gaps in vaccination coverage

Measles cases spike globally due to gaps in vaccination coverage

30 Nov 2018 | 1:20 PM

Kolkata, Nov 30 (UNI) Measles is a serious and highly contagious disease caused by a virus.

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World AIDS Day created to raise awareness about HIV and resulting AIDS epidemics

World AIDS Day created to raise awareness about HIV and resulting AIDS epidemics

29 Nov 2018 | 12:09 PM

Kolkata, Nov 29 (UNI) Fear, stigma and ignorance. That is what defined the HIV epidemic that raged through the world in the 1980s, killing thousands of people who may only have had a few weeks or months from diagnosis to death - if they even managed to be diagnosed before they died.

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World AIDS Day - an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in fight against HIV

World AIDS Day - an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in fight against HIV

26 Nov 2018 | 12:46 PM

Kolkata, Nov 26 (UNI) World AIDS Day is observed every year on December One, and it is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), show their support for people living with HIV and remember those who have died.

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Newer innovative technologies can give Type I diabetics a normal life

Newer innovative technologies can give Type I diabetics a normal life

19 Nov 2018 | 11:08 AM

Kolkata, Nov 19 (UNI) Apollo Gleneagles Hospital has hosted a discussion on State of the Art Novel therapies in Type I Diabetes Mellitus in Childhood.

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