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Donated blood in Kashmir not safe for transfusion: DAK

Donated blood in Kashmir not safe for transfusion: DAK

Srinagar, Jun 13 (UNI) Doctors Association Kashmir (DAK) today said that donated blood in Kashmir was not safe for transfusion as Kashmir continued to use traditional methods thus jeopardising the safety of patients through blood transfusion when several states in India have adopted NAT to screen blood. “Although blood transfusion is life-saving, but unsafe blood transfusion is life-threatening”, said DAK president Dr Nisar ul Hassan in a statement on the World Blood Donor Day here. Outmoded screening tests being done on donated blood banks in the Valley put patients at risk of life-threatening infections, he said. He said blood banks screen blood and blood products for Hepatitis B, C and HIV viruses by conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test that does not detect very early stages of infection in donated blood. These viruses have a “window period” of weeks to months during which the virus does not show up in the conventional test. During this period, any donated blood will transmit the infection to the recipient. He said according to various studies one in every 500 units of blood collected from a donor can easily be missed by ELISA test even if it is infected. In order to ensure safe blood, many countries have switched from ElISA to Nucleic Acid Test (NAT) technology for screening of donated blood. Dr Hassan said NAT detects viruses even in the window period and its introduction has eliminated the transmission of deadly viruses by blood transfusion. While several states in India have adopted NAT to screen blood, blood banks in Kashmir continue to use traditional methods thus jeopardizing the safety of blood. The infected blood is responsible for colossal hepatitis epidemic in the valley. Out of 90 hemophiliac patients screened, 45 patients were positive for Hepatitis C, 4 for Hepatitis B and one was positive for HIV. The DAK president said that these hemophiliac patients have contracted this deadly virus because of contaminated fresh frozen plasma (FFP), a blood product which they receive on demand during bleeding. According to a study, 38 per cent of the population of two twin villages of Takia-Magam and Sonbarie were found to be infected with Hepatitis C virus. During a screening in 2015, 84 persons were found positive for Hepatitis B virus in village Diver of Lolab area. There are around 459 cases of HIV infection registered in SKIMS hospital. UNI BAS RSA SNU 1633

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I am very concerned at alarming rate of birth defect incidences in India: Raveena Tandon

I am very concerned at alarming rate of birth defect incidences in India: Raveena Tandon

14 Aug 2018 | 3:51 PM

New Delhi, Aug 14 (UNI) Bollywood actress Raveena Tandon, who attended the annual conference of the Spina Bifida Foundation of India, said she is concerned at the alarming rate of the birth defect incidences in India.

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Partial Solar Eclipse on Aug 11, not visible in India

10 Aug 2018 | 4:36 PM

Hyderabad, Aug 10 (UNI) A partial Solar Eclipse, the last among five eclipses in 2018, will occur on Saturday which will not be visible in India.

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Unsafe abortion occurs when a pregnancy terminated by persons lacking necessary skills

Unsafe abortion occurs when a pregnancy terminated by persons lacking necessary skills

10 Aug 2018 | 1:54 PM

Kolkata, Aug 10 (UNI) The World Health Organization (WHO) defines unsafe abortion
occurs when a pregnancy is terminated either by persons lacking the necessary skills
or in an environment that does not conform to minimal medical standards, or both.

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Stillbirths constitute an important worldwide problem

Stillbirths constitute an important worldwide problem

04 Aug 2018 | 11:33 AM

Kolkata, Aug 4 (UNI) Stillbirths constitute an important worldwide problem that has generally received little attention. The day of birth is potentially the most dangerous time for mothers and babies. Every year, worldwide, 303 000 women die during pregnancy and childbirth, 2.7 million babies die during the first 28 days of life and 2.6 million babies are stillborn, with 98 per cent occurring in low- and middle-income countries.

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Harmful use of alcohol causes immense damage to health and societies

Harmful use of alcohol causes immense damage to health and societies

02 Aug 2018 | 12:09 PM

Kolkata, Aug 2 (UNI) The harmful use of alcohol causes immense damage to health and societies and imposes a heavy burden on health systems and health budgets.

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