Thursday, May 24 2018 | Time 08:08 Hrs(IST)
image
image image
  • Bank of Korea chief says decision to keep rates steady was unanimous
  • U S -led coalition hits Syrian army base - Hezbollah media unit
  • N Korea says future of summit with U S is up to Washington -KCNA
  • At least four dead, 15 wounded in Baghdad suicide attack
  • Shiv Sena chief targets BJP
  • Iran's top leader sets 7 conditions to remain in nuclear deal -official website
Science Technology Share

Depression: a common illness worldwide, with more than 300 million people affected

Depression: a common illness worldwide, with more than 300 million people affected

Kolkata, Dec 21 (UNI) Depression is a common illness worldwide, with

more than 300 million people affected.

Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived

emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Especially when

long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may

become a serious health condition.

It can cause the affected person to suffer greatly and function poorly at

work, at school and in the family. At its worst, depression can lead to

suicide. Close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year. Suicide

is the second leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds.

Although there are known, effective treatments for depression, fewer

than half of those affected in the world (in many countries, fewer than 10

per cent receive such treatments. Barriers to effective care include a lack

of resources, lack of trained health-care providers, and social stigma

associated with mental disorders.

Another barrier to effective care is inaccurate assessment. In countries

of all income levels, people who are depressed are often not correctly

diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder are too often

misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants.

The burden of depression and other mental health conditions is on the

rise globally. A World Health Assembly resolution passed in May 2013 has

called for a comprehensive, coordinated response to mental disorders at

country level.

Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive

episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe.

A key distinction is also made between depression in people who have

or do not have a history of manic episodes. Both types of depression

can be chronic (i.e. over an extended period of time) with relapses,

especially if they go untreated.

Recurrent depressive disorder: this disorder involves repeated

depressive episodes. During these episodes, the person experiences

depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy

leading to diminished activity for at least two weeks.

Many people with depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms,

disturbed sleep and appetite and may have feelings of guilt or low self-

worth, poor concentration and even medically unexplained symptoms.

Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive

episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe.

An individual with a mild depressive episode will have some difficulty in

continuing with ordinary work and social activities, but will probably not

cease to function completely.

During a severe depressive episode, it is very unlikely that the sufferer

will be able to continue with social, work, or domestic activities, except

to a very limited extent.

MORE UNI BM SJC

More News
Seasonal influenza, an acute respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses

Seasonal influenza, an acute respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses

23 May 2018 | 11:53 AM

Kolkata, May 23 (UNI) Seasonal influenza is an acute respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses which circulate in all parts of the world.

 Sharesee more..
Antimicrobial resistance, an increasingly serious threat to global public health

Antimicrobial resistance, an increasingly serious threat to global public health

22 May 2018 | 2:09 PM

Kolkata, May 22 (UNI) Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) happens when microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) change when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials and anthelmintics).

 Sharesee more..
First-ever WHO list of essential diagnostic tests to improve diagnosis and treatment outcomes

First-ever WHO list of essential diagnostic tests to improve diagnosis and treatment outcomes

16 May 2018 | 12:04 PM

Kolkata, May 16 (UNI) Today, many people are unable to get tested for diseases because they cannot access diagnostic services.

 Sharesee more..
WHO plans to eliminate industrially-produced trans-fatty acids from global food supply

WHO plans to eliminate industrially-produced trans-fatty acids from global food supply

15 May 2018 | 10:32 AM

Kolkata, May 15 (UNI) The World Health Organizatio (WHO) released REPLACE, a step-by-step guide for the elimination of industrially-produced trans-fatty acids from the global food supply.

 Sharesee more..
BJP lawmaker Anurag Thakur launches breast cancer indicating device

BJP lawmaker Anurag Thakur launches breast cancer indicating device

14 May 2018 | 2:58 PM

New Delhi, May 14 (UNI) To ensure early breast cancer detection among women, BJP MP Anurag Thakur has launched portable breast cancer indicating device under the Asptal – Sansad Mobile Swasthya (SMS) Seva in Himachal Pradesh, an announcement from his office said here.

 Sharesee more..
image