Tuesday, Mar 19 2019 | Time 22:16 Hrs(IST)
image
  • US Treasury sanctions Venezuela's gold mining company, chief
  • Cricket fever builds as Emirates reveals ICC Cricket World Cup livery
  • Things happening as per script, Balakot airstrikes are ‘election stunt’: Mehbooba
  • Massive anti-Maoist drive underway in view of Lok Sabha election
  • Four wanted criminals arrested in Gorakhpur
  • Mexican President signs declaration promising not to seek re-election in 2024
  • Congress fields Kishore Gajbhiye from Ramtek seat
  • BJP MP Election Committee readies panels
  • BJP MP Election Committee readies panels
  • No propaganda over defence personnel : ECI's 2nd advisory to political parties
  • Five killed in Egypt's Giza as man opens fire at pedestrians
  • Eight candidates file nominations for Lok Sabha election in Bihar so far
  • Prez appoints 9 member Lokpal with Justice P C Ghose as chairperson
  • Pvt firm cashier robbed of Rs 16 lakhs by tricksters at Thane
  • Jitan Ram Manjhi to file nomination on Mar 25
Science Technology


Cholera an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated

Cholera an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated

Kolkata, Dec 29 (UNI) Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that affects both children and adults and can kill within hours if untreated.

Cholera is an acute enteric infection caused by the ingestion of bacterium Vibrio cholerae present in faecally contaminated water or food.

It takes between 12 hours and 5 days for a person to show symptoms after ingesting contaminated food or water

Cholera remains a global threat to public health and an indicator of inequity and lack of social development.

Researchers have estimated that every year, there are roughly 1.3 to 4.0 million cases, and 21 000 to 143 000 deaths worldwide due to cholera.

Most people infected with V. cholerae do not develop any symptoms, although the bacteria are present in their faeces for 1-10 days after infection and are shed back into the environment, potentially infecting other people.

Among people who develop symptoms, the majority have mild or moderate symptoms, while a minority develop acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration. This can lead to death if left untreated.

During the 19th century, cholera spread across the world from its original reservoir in the Ganges delta in India. Six subsequent pandemics killed millions of people across all continents. The current (seventh) pandemic started in South Asia in 1961, and reached Africa in 1971 and the Americas in 1991. Cholera is now endemic in many countries.

There are many serogroups of V. cholerae, but only two – O1 and O139 – cause outbreaks. V. cholerae O1 has caused all recent outbreaks. V. cholerae O139 – first identified in Bangladesh in 1992 – caused outbreaks in the past, but recently has only been identified in sporadic cases. It has never been identified outside Asia. There is no difference in the illness caused by the two serogroups.

MORE UNI BM KK

More News
PM-STIAC identifies nine missions of national importance

PM-STIAC identifies nine missions of national importance

06 Mar 2019 | 5:20 PM

New Delhi, Mar 6 (UNI) PM-Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine missions of national importance with an objective to conserve country's biodiversity and develop sustainable agriculture processes, leverage precision health for personal well being, recover wealth from waste and develop and use artificial intelligence .

see more..
Strengthening newborn health & prevention of Birth Defects

Strengthening newborn health & prevention of Birth Defects

05 Mar 2019 | 3:17 PM

Kolkata, Mar 5 (UNI) Birth defects, also known as congenital anomalies, can be defined as structural or functional abnormalities, including metabolic disorders, which are present from birth.

see more..
Role of meditation in preventing cardiovascular diseases to be taken up in AIIMS Rishikesh

Role of meditation in preventing cardiovascular diseases to be taken up in AIIMS Rishikesh

28 Feb 2019 | 5:19 PM

New Delhi, Feb 28 (UNI) One of a kind symposium on 'Role of Meditation for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases' will be organised by AIIMS Rishikesh on March 9 and 10.

see more..
Respiratory Syncytial Virus - a leading cause of respiratory disease globally

Respiratory Syncytial Virus - a leading cause of respiratory disease globally

18 Feb 2019 | 2:08 PM

Kolkata, Feb 18 (UNI) Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a leading cause of respiratory disease globally.

see more..
E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

E-cigarettes effective at helping smokers quit: study

15 Feb 2019 | 4:19 PM

New Delhi, Feb 15 (UNI) E-Cigarettes are effective at helping smokers quit and are almost twice as successful as products like patches or gum for smoking cessation, according to a study.

see more..
image